Bidita Rahman : Cyber-bullying had the impact of amplifying symptoms of depression and post-traumatic stress disorder in young people who were inpatients at an adolescent psychiatric hospital, according to a new study published in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. In this digital age, everybody affected through cyber-bullying, especially adolescents. It is increasing day by day. I can remember when I was in school; I get bullied face to face. And it becomes a horrible feeling in me. It is a traumatic situation at that time, and I can realize now that I faced difficulties regarding this issue. I could not even tell anybody to my home about it. It had awful challenges to me at that time, and having difficulty with studies, result in grade fall. Now time changes people are now updated, and the bulling system is currently updating through the internet and other social media. I have that sense to feel the teenager who gets cyber-bullied. Recently a student shared “that all bullying hurts, whether in person or through technology, the result is that bullying in any form is emotionally damaging.” Contrasting offline bullying with online bullying: targets might not know who the bully is or why they are being targeted, as cyber-bullying can happen anonymously; cyber-bullying can have a broad audience – the actions of those who cyberbully can go viral; it is often easier to be cruel using technology because of greater physical distance, and the person bullying doesn’t see the immediate response by the target – they might not recognize the serious harm from their actions because they lack seeing the target’s response, and it can be harder for parents and adults to manage to cyberbully.
According to the source of the school of medicine, the University of Miami, the study of 50 adolescent psychiatric inpatients ages 13 to 17 examined the prevalence of cyberbullying and related it to social media usage, cur-rent levels of symptoms and histories of adverse early life experience. Conducted from September 2016 to April 2017 at a suburban psychiatric hospital in Westchester County, New York, the study asked participants to complete two childhood trauma questionnaires and a cyber-bullying questionnaire. Twenty percent of participants reported that they had been cyberbullied within the last two months before their admission. Half of the participants were bullied by text messages and a half on Face-book. Transmitted pictures or videos, Instagram, instant messages, and chat rooms were other cyberbullying vehicles. Those who had been bullied had significantly higher severity of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anger, and fantasy dissociation than those who were not bullied. Participants who reported being cyberbullied also reported significantly higher levels of lifetime emotional abuse on the study’s Childhood Trauma Questionnaire than those who were not bullied. These same young people did not say a considerably higher level of other types of trauma (physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional neglect, or physical neglect).
How cyberbullying im-pact students
Those who are cyberbul-lied are also likely to be bul-lied offline (Hamm, Newton, & Chisholm, 2015). Cyber-bullying can result in serious emotional problems for tar-gets, including anxiety, low self-esteem, depression (Hin-duja & Patchin, 2015), stress, and suicide ideation (Kowal-ski, Giumetti, Schroeder, & Lattanner, 2014). Those who are cyberbullied can feel more uncontrollable than those facing traditional bully-ing because they have less control over who views the bullying and less ability to make the bullying stop. There can also be more permanence with cyberbullying compared to traditional bullying: nearly everything on the Internet is available to everyone, everywhere. It can be challenging to erase infor-mation once it goes on the Internet (Pearson, Andersson, & Porath, 2005). Those who cyberbully are more likely to have anxiety, depression, less life satisfaction, less self-es-teem, and face drug and alcohol abuse (Kowalski, Giumetti, Schroeder, & Lat-tanner, 2014). Both cyber-bullies and targets of cyberbullying report less school satisfaction and achievement (Bernan & Li, 2007).
Motivations behind cyberbullying include a lack of confidence or desire to feel better about themselves, a passion for control, finding it entertaining, and retaliation (Hamm, Newton, & Chisholm, 2015). Targets of cyberbullying have a higher chance of becoming bullies themselves, as being cyber-bullied can lead to revenge bullying as a way to cope. And, cyberbullies have a higher risk of being bullied in return, resulting in a vicious cycle. Being a cyberbully contributes to a twenty-fold increase in also being a target of cyberbullying (Arslan, Savaser, Hallett, & Balci, 2012).
Because cyberbullying can occur anonymously, cy-berbullies can act more ag-gressively as they feel there will be no consequences. In face-to-face bullying, the bully can view the impact as the attack happens, whereas cyberbullies cannot see any of the immediate outcomes, often resulting in further ag-gression (Kowalski, Giumetti, Schroeder, & Lat-tanner, 2014). Parents and adolescents can take action to discourage bullying. Accord-ing to Dr. Harvey, It’s not hard to block someone on the Internet, whether it’s texting, Facebook, Twitter, or send-ing pictures. Ask why are people choosing you to bully? If it’s something you’re posting, assess that and make a change. We have to be care-ful while posting something, ask the question of whether it is good to post or not to post. If you are in a traumatic situ-ation, be brave, and discuss the issue with the elder who can help you.